The origin of the term stress comes from English and began to be used in Physiology by Hans Selve (endocrin at the University of Montreal) at the beginning of the 20th century. Stress at work is a disorder that affects a large majority of the population.
The main reasons can be divided into four groups:
- The work environment: In some of them there are environmental aspects such as noise or in others climatic aspects such as heat or cold. All of them affect us considerably.
- Interpersonal factors or relationships with peers: Who has not ever had a scuffle with a partner and has been more nervous than usual for several days. Who has not had the misfortune of having a surly and overly demanding boss. Who has not had a sentimental problem.
- The relationship between work and family: The lack of reconciliation between work and personal life is evident in our country. We work long hours and share few moments with the people who really love us in this world.
- Demand at work and the position held: It must be recognized that some jobs are more demanding than others. Think of jobs like being a police officer or an ambulance driver. Both experience very high stress moments in often unpleasant situations.
Apart from that, today, we live in a time of constant changes by new technologies. Many jobs related to computing and digital work require a constant renewal of knowledge and skills. For many it may be something that overcomes them.
All these causes can cause great evils that we will also group into four types of reactions:
- Physiological: increases heart rate and blood pressure and muscle tension. This can eventually lead to heart attacks and other cardiovascular problems.
- Emotional: fear and irritability, a depressed mood, increased anxiety and greatly reduced motivation.
- Cognitive: our attention will be diminished as well as our ability to solve problems and improve our skills.
- Behavioral: our productivity will be lower and we will be more sensitive to error and mistakes. That is why many people will resort to the use of tobacco or alcohol and other drugs.
The solutions proposed by many therapists and common sense are related to time management: we have to learn to better plan our agenda and give higher priority to oneself and the family before everything else. There are also relaxation techniques that can help us calm down. And, one of the most relevant things is to lead a healthy and active life. Sport is essential.
Finally, as the psychologist Rafael Santandreu says, we give too much value to the things we do. But really the things that are worthwhile in our life are satisfying basic needs, loving and having fun. Everything else is not so important.