The origin of the term stress comes from English and began to be used in Physiology by Hans Selve (endocrinologist at the University of Montreal) at the beginning of the 20th century. Stress at work is a disorder that affects a large majority of the population.
The main reasons can be divided into four groups:
- The work environment: In some of them there are environmental aspects such as noise or in others climatic aspects such as heat or cold. All of them affect us considerably.
- Interpersonal factors or relationships with colleagues: Who has not ever had a scuffle with a partner and has been more nervous than normal for several days. Who has not had the misfortune of having a surly and overly demanding boss. Who has not had any sentimental problems.
- The relationship of work with the family: The lack of conciliation between work and personal life is something evident in our country. We work long hours and share few moments with the people who really love us in this world.
- The requirement at work and the position you occupy: It must be recognized that there are more demanding jobs than others. Think of jobs like the police or an ambulance driver. Both live very high moments of stress in often unpleasant situations.
Apart from that, today, we live in a time of constant change by new technologies. Many jobs related to computer science and digital work require constant renewal of knowledge and skills. For many it may be something that surpasses them.
All these causes can cause great evils that we will also group into four types of reactions:
- Physiological: increases heart rate and blood pressure and muscle tension. This can eventually lead to heart attacks and other cardiovascular problems.
- Emotional: feeling fearful and irritable, a depressed mood, increased anxiety, and greatly reduced motivation.
- Cognitive: our attention will be diminished as well as our ability to solve problems and improve our skills.
- Behavioral: our productivity will be lower and we will be more sensitive to error and mistake. That is why many people will resort to the use of tobacco or alcohol and other drugs.
The solutions that many therapists and common sense propose are related to time management: we have to learn to better plan our agenda and give higher priority to ourselves and the family before everyone else. There are also relaxation techniques that can help us calm down. And, one of the most important things is to lead a healthy and active life. Sport is essential.
Finally, as the psychologist Rafael Santandreu says, we place too much value on the things we do. But really the things that are worthwhile in our life are meeting basic needs, loving and having fun. Everything else is not that important.